Svalbard is an archipelago of the Arctic Ocean under the full dominion of Norway. Longyearbyen is the capital of Svalbard and Jan Mayen.
Two areas in western Norway, Spitsbergen and Jan Mayen, are the most distant outposts for hunting, mining, and scientific activities in the northern part of the human settlement. These islands are located in the north and northwest of Norway, within the southern borders of the Arctic sea ice - the northernmost point of Spitsbergen is within 1,000 kilometers of the Arctic.
Svalbard is an archipelago of 9 main islands: Spitsbergen (largest), Nordos Osland, Valenzoia, Estoya and smaller islands, and the southern island of Bjornoia. Svalbard is the only settlement in Svalbard, the administrative capital of Longyearbyen in Norway and the nearby Russian mining community of Barentsburg. Jan Mayen is a single island dominated by the towering active Beerenberg volcano, which was the last to erupt in 1985. It is located on the east coast of Greenland, 600 kilometers north of Iceland.
On political map, you can see the main islands, capital, borders and neighboring countries.
The Svalbard Museum is located in the oldest part of Longyearbyen. Today the Svalbard Museum is located in the Svalbard Science Center in a quiet and peaceful environment. This museum of natural and cultural history is a must-see attraction. Thanks to the great exhibitions, the fascinating information library and the breathtakingly beautiful surroundings. The breathtaking Spitsbergen Airship Museum, co-founded by Stefano Poli in Italy and Ingunn Loyning in Norway, documents the long history of modern Svalbard aviation history. Svalbard Church is the northernmost church in the world and a pretty little place where not only unforgettable prayers can be held. Kirk in Svalbard is the only church in Svalbard.