On map, Netherlands is a republic in Europe. Amsterdam is the capital of Netherlands.
The Netherlands are on the North Sea coast and are twice the size of New Jersey. The Netherlands is part of the Nordic and Northwest Great Plains, with a maximum size of 360 x 257 km (190 x 160 miles), low and flat, with the exception of Limburg in the southeast, where some hills are 322 m (1056 feet). About half of the country is below sea level, which makes the famous Dutch dike a necessary prerequisite for effective land use. More recently, work to recover land from the sea through dikes has continued. All drainage flows into the North Sea, and the main rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt come from abroad.
On political map, you can see that the country consists of 12 provinces: Drenthe, Friesland, Gelderland, Flevoland, Groningen, North Brabant, Limburg, Northern Netherlands, Overijssel, Utrecht, West Island and southern Netherlands. Rotterdam is a large city and one of the world's leading ports.
Amsterdam is the largest and most charming city in the Netherlands. It is a vibrant, international and rich cultural heritage and welcomes visitors with fabulous museums, exciting nightlife and absolutely unique cafe scenes. The Hoge Veluwe National Park is located in Gelderland and, with an area of 5,400 hectares, is one of the largest and most diverse nature reserves in the Netherlands. The park is home to interesting wildlife and geographic areas, from undulating sand dunes to lush forests, and is a wonderful example of what can happen when sport, art and culture meet unspoiled nature. Rotterdam, Amsterdam's biggest competitor, is the second largest city in the Netherlands and one of the largest and busiest ports in the world.