Curacao is one of the ABC islands in the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. Curacao is the largest island of the ABC Islands with an area of 171 square miles and a population of over 150,000 inhabitants. Curacao is an autonomous state of the Netherlands, which uses Dutch, English and Papiamentu as the official language of the country. The language of the country reflects the rich language history of the island, created through years of interaction between people of different linguistic backgrounds. The extent and use of these languages also depends on the circumstances of the speaker. Like most Caribbean islands, Spanish is also a common language of Curacao. Most islanders know at least two common languages. The capital of Curacao is Willemstad. The total population is 161,014. The area is 444 km?2;.
It is located about 60 km north of the coast of Venezuela. Curacao (the largest part of the region) is a dry, relatively flat island known for its coral reefs and beaches. The highest point is Christopher Hill, 375 meters above sea level. About 1,500 years ago, the Native American Arawaks used caves that were scattered on the island for the first time. Dozens of bays and entrances cover the south coast, and some salt marshes are on the edge of the coastal limestone formations. There are no permanent rivers.