Botswana is the country in the center of southern Africa. The area is approximately triangular, about 965 km from north to south, about 600 km from east to west and a peak on the east side. Gaborone is the capital of Botswana. The official language of Botswana is English.
Botswana, a landlocked country in South Africa. It borders Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe. The country covers an area of 582,000 square kilometers, slightly larger than France or slightly smaller than Texas. About two-thirds of the country is in the tropics. Botswana is known for having the best wildlife and wildlife sanctuaries on the African continent. 38% of the total land area is used in national parks, protected areas and nature reserves. The country is sparsely populated and up to 70% of the country is covered by the Kalahari Desert, an extensive dry to semi-arid landscape in southern Africa that covers most of Botswana as well as parts of Namibia and South Africa. Area. The 2.2 million population in Botswana is concentrated in the eastern part of the country.
The flat South African plateau covers most of the country at an average altitude of 3,300 feet. The Kalahari Desert covers the southwest. In the north, the Okavango Delta offers a lush oasis, while numerous salt lakes and pans attract many migratory waterfowl, including flamingos. As for the salt pan, the Makgadikgadi Pan is one of the largest salt marshes in the world in the middle of the dry steppe in northeastern Botswana. The pan is the entire relic of the vast Makgadikgadi Lake, which once covered a larger area than Switzerland and dried out thousands of years ago. Other land forms are savannas in the east and dry bushes on the western border with Namibia. Important rivers are the Limpopo River, the Okavango River and the Shahi River. Please note that the Moropo forms a geographical border between South Africa and Botswana, but the river is usually dry in summer.