Bosnia and Herzegovina, a country in the Balkans of Western Europe. The largest part of Bosnia is located in the north and in the center of the country, and Herzegovina is located in the south and southwest. The total area is 19,741 square miles. The population is 3,871,643. The capital is Sarajevo.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a triangular republic in the Balkans, about half of Kentucky. The northern Bosnian region is mountainous and densely forested. The region of South Herzegovina is a barren farmland. The coast is narrow and there are no natural harbors stretching for more than 20 km along the Adriatic. The land is often influenced by powerful regional powers that compete for control over the region, which helps to build a rich ethnic and religious mix of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia and Herzegovina are the three official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The main language is Bosnian, although all three languages are similar. Bosnia has been the territory of the Ottoman Empire since 1463, and during that time many Christian Slavs campaigned for Islam. The influence during this period led to a large number of Turkish and Arabic loan words that can be heard today in Bosnian. At the time of the withdrawal from Yugoslavia in 1991, Bosnia consisted of a unique combination of 44% Muslims, 31% Serbs and 17% Croats.
Although Bosnia and Herzegovina is located near the Mediterranean, it is heavily influenced by the climate of the Denari Alps. The weather in Bosnia and Herzegovina is similar to that in the southern highlands: Although the winter has a severe cold, the weather is generally mild. In Banja Luka, the coldest month is January, the mean temperature is 0 ° C, the warmest month is July and the average temperature is 22 ° C. In January and February, the lowest rainfall was in Banja Luka, while in May and June Most precipitation fell.