On Azerbaijan map, it is a secular state with the most Turks and Shiite Muslims - was independent for a short time after the collapse of the Russian Empire (1918-1920) and was subsequently incorporated into the Soviet Union for seventy years. Azerbaijan is still involved in the protracted conflict with Nagorny, Karabakh in Armenia. Nagorno-Karabakh is the most important ethnic region of Armenia, which was recognized by Moscow in 1923 as an autonomous state in Soviet Azerbaijan. The capital of Azerbaijan is Baku.
Southwest Asia borders the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small number of European parts north of the Caucasus. Azerbaijan is characterized by a variety of landscapes due to its uneven terrain, drainage patterns, climatic differences and clear vertical vegetation distribution. The lowland covers more than two-fifths of its territory, about half of which is between 1,300 and 4,900 feet (400 to 1,500 meters), while the area over 4,900 feet makes up one-tenth of the total area. The total population of Azerbaijan is 9,754,830. The country also experiences high mobility. Baku, Sumgate, Ganja, Mingjiaqiville and Lankaland are the five largest cities in Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan is a developed industrial and agricultural power. The focus on heavy industry has significantly expanded the two traditional oil and gas industries, but mechanical engineering, light industry and food production are also becoming increasingly important. In the early 1990s Azerbaijan began to move to a market economy. The prices of most goods have been liberalized and some state-owned enterprises privatized. However, land privatization is progressing slowly.
Azeri is a member of the West Oghuz group of Oghuz's Turkic branch. The literary tradition dates back to the 15th century. Arabic scriptures were used until the 20th century. The Cyrillic alphabet was introduced in 1939. In 1992, the Azerbaijani government changed the Cyrillic alphabet into the Roman alphabet as official spelling.